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Defined, a bird observatory is a center where scholars carry out studies on bird population and migration. While most bird observatories focus on their local birds, some go beyond what is in the locality. Bird observatories tend to be small entities with a limited number of workers, some of whom offer voluntary services.
In between research and observation associated with the birds, observatories are education. Conserving species and applying modern technology in answering research questions related to wildlife while educating the public, at the same time, is undoubtedly a tall order. To fulfill their mission, virtually all bird observatories employ analytical software, mapping software, and telemetry devices in monitoring bird population and migratory connectivity. The software and devices also help in leveraging the data for purposes of outreach and education.
Among other subjects, bird observatories study detailed behavior, temporary effects, spatial effects, duration in wintering spots, and stopover sites. With telemetry transmitters, scholars are able to interpret the impact on the aforementioned observations. In most cases, observatories tend to be first in detecting changes in breeding, behavior, migration, and population of birds.
Like most research centers, observatories may lack adequate equipment (e.g. digital radio transmitters and solar power) due to limited funding. Proper funding is essential for any observatory to fulfill its mission. That is why every stakeholder has a responsibility to support the efforts of such a critical research and data center. This is typically done by offering voluntary services, sponsorship, and even donations.